Saturday, February 6, 2010

Amicus brief filed to Florida Supreme Court in Martin Grossman




L.T. Case No.: 84-11698 CFANO







COMES NOW the Petitioner, Edward Werner, and hereby files this Amicus Curiae

Brief in support of Appellant Martin Grossman.s Brief before this Honorable Court, and

hereby moves this Honorable Court to stay the Appellant.s pending execution. In support

thereof, Petitioner states the following:


Petitioner is a citizen of the State of Florida. The execution is purported to be done in the

name of the People of Florida. Petitioner therefore claims standing as one of the People

of Florida to argue against said execution.


The facts of this case are well-known to this Court through the trial record and record on

appeal. In December 1984, at the age of 19, and with no prior criminal record save for a

burglary, the Appellant was with another teenage friend shooting a stolen gun in the

woods of Pinellas County. Officer Margaret Parks of the Florida Freshwater Fish and

Game Commission came upon the Appellant and confronted him for shooting the gun on

public property. The Appellant, being on probation for the aforementioned burglary, and

being in violation of said probation by being within Pinellas County, and being outside

neighboring Pasco County, pleaded with Officer Parks not to report the Appellant for

being there and for shooting the gun. Officer Parks, however, proceeded to repeatedly

taunt the Appellant, then a 19 year old, with an IQ of 77, that he was going to prison.

Appellant then, in an awful spur of the moment action, physically attacked Officer Parks

by hitting her over the head with her flashlight. Officer Parks then raised her .357

Magnum gun at the Appellant, as though about to shoot, at which point Appellant,

recognizing that he was about to be shot to death, wrestled the gun away from Officer

Parks. Officer Parks in the struggle over the gun shot at the Appellant and missed. The

Appellant then shot Officer Parks with her own gun. Appellant was convicted and

sentenced to death, in significant part as a result of subsequently recanted testimony as to

Appellant.s motives, and then spent the past 26 years of his life on Death Row. The State

now seeks to execute a man, with an IQ of 77, who spent the past 26 years on Death

Row, who committed a murder in an unplanned spur of the moment confrontation with

no malice aforethought, at the age of 19, with no meaningful prior criminal record, who

has suffered immeasurably for the past 26 years for what he did, and who is full of

demonstrably sincere remorse for his actions that day 26 years ago.


1. The jury was inflamed by false testimony which led to the death sentence. Charles

Brewer, the other teenager who was with the Appellant that night, testified that Officer

Parks begged the Appellant and that the Appellant ignored this plea and brazenly shot

Officer Parks. Mr. Brewer, however, in a pang of conscience after he got a little older,

admitted that this was false testimony, and recanted the testimony. In view of this, to

execute the Appellant would be in direct contravention of the most basic standards of

fairness and justice.

2. Appellant.s age and overall criminal profile at the time of the crime argue against the

application of the death penalty. The death penalty is the ultimate penalty. It should be

reserved for only the most cold, calculating killers, not a 19 year old whose only

previously committed crime was a burglary. He was a typical 19 year old delinquent, not

some serial killer or particularly heinous killer. What was he doing when Officer Park

came upon him? Shooting a stolen gun in the woods with a friend. He had no intention,

no plan, no desire to kill someone that day before it happened. What was his violation of

probation? He was a few miles over the County Line from Pasco County into extreme

northern Pinellas County. The death penalty, as the ultimate penalty, should not be given

to a teenage delinquent who made a horrible, tragic decision in an altercation that went

horribly wrong. If the death penalty is appropriate at all, it is appropriate only in the case

of a hardened, remorseless, calculating and premeditated killer, not someone like Martin

Grossman. He was a delinquent, a kid who made bad decisions. He was a kid like yours

or mine, a kid gone wrong in a tragic horrific moment gone wrong that changed two

people.s lives forever. It was not a calculating, deliberate killer who set out to kill in cold

blood. It was something that should not have happened, did not need to happen, that

tragically did happen. Executing the Appellant now only compounds the tragedy.

3. As noted above, Appellant was 19 years old at the time he committed the crime. As we

know, 18 years old is an adult in Florida. The U.S. Supreme Court has struck down as

unconstitutional executing juveniles under 18 years of age. But if 17 is too young to

constitutionally execute, then does that mean that 18 or even 19 is constitutionally

unproblematic? Is there a magic window whereby 17 years and 364 days is

unconstitutionally cruel and unusual but 18 and one day is constitutionally neither cruel

nor unusual? Is it a clear-cut case that any and all aspects of adulthood attach at 18, or

does Florida Law recognize a gradual status, whereby some aspects of adulthood

attach at 18 and some at a later age? Indeed, Florida Law does recognize such a „gradual„,

rather than „instantaneous. reaching of adulthood. The drinking age in Florida is 21, not

18. Thus, by allowing this execution, the Court would de facto be setting forth a policy

whereby in the State of Florida one can not drink at the age of 19, but one can be

executed. Nor is this merely a semantic difference. Indeed, the reason that the drinking

age is 21, even though at 18 a youth can sign a contract and engage in other aspects of

adulthood, is that the law recognizes that a young man.s judgment is not fully developed

at 18, and that, indeed, the young man or woman is undergoing a gradual process of

adulthood, whereby he or she is developing his judgment and sense of responsibility

gradually over those years, rather than all at once when he or she reaches the age of

18. We do not let them drink until 21 because inherent in the law in Florida is the public

policy view that at 21 the young person will make more responsible decisions regarding

the responsible use of alcohol than he or she would at they age of 18. In other words, the

law is saying that a young person is not mature enough, that his or her judgment is not

developed enough, to make the responsible societal decisions about drinking at the age of

18 as will be the case at 21. Thus, according to Florida Law:

i. At 15, a young person gets his or her „restricted. driver.s license, whereby he

or she can drive during daylight hours with an adult present.

ii. At 16, a young person gets his or her driver.s license and can drive at all

times, without adult supervision.

iii. At 17, a young person can join the military or get married with parental


iv. At 18, the young person can sign contracts, vote, and get married and join the

military without parental permission.

v. At 21, the young person can legally drink and purchase alcohol in the State of


vi. At 25, he or she can rent a car (according to all major car rental companies).

We see from the above that Florida law (and society in general) recognizes that young

people gradually mature, and that a 19 year old does not have the same judgment as a 21

year old. Given this, the proper guidance that this Court should take from Florida Law is

not that it is cruel and unusual to execute a 17 year old, but „perfectly okay. to execute a

19 year old, but rather that if it is cruel and unusual to execute a 17 year old, then there

should be a presumption against executing 19 year olds. Or, to put it another way, Florida

Law, in its application of different rights and responsibilities for different age groups,

implies that there should be a „balancing test. in determining whether execution is

appropriate, and that without a doubt one of the major factors to consider in determining

whether that balancing test of appropriateness is met, is the perpetrator.s age. The State,

by contrast, seeks to ignore the Appellant.s age at the time of crime, or at the very least

ascribes no meaningful value to it. It should be noted that, prior to the US Supreme Court

ruling finding execution of 17 year olds cruel, the State was perfectly happy to ignore the

age of the 17 year olds it sought to execute, as well. In that case, as in the case of Jim

Crow laws so many years before it, it was the Federal Judiciary and the Federal

Government that had to step in and tell the State of Florida to do the right thing. This

Court now has the opportunity to do the right thing without having to be told to do so by

the Federal government. This Court now has the opportunity to develop its own

constitutional „balancing test. to determine if an execution is constitutional, and, using

the US Supreme Court.s ruling in striking down execution of 17 year olds, this Court

would understand that age is one of the primary determinants of that constitutional

balancing test. As an additional measure of the wisdom of applying relative weight to

offenses committed at varying ages, it is instructive to look at this Court.s very own

standards regarding aspiring lawyers seeking admission to the Florida Bar and deemed to

be possessing the Bar.s character and fitness standards. As one of the factors this Court

uses in determining the weight to give to applicants. past offenses, in determining their

eligibility for Bar membership, the age at which the offense took place is given

significant weight. We can ask then, if writing bad checks at 19 is less of an offense for

purposes of admittance to the Bar than writing bad checks at 35, then by what standard of

reason is committing murder at the age of 19 not viewed differently by this Court than

committing murder at the age of 35? And if this Court indeed does view committing

murder at age 19 to be different in significant and relevant measure than committing

murder at 35, then by what standard of reason can we allow the society.s ultimate and

worst punishment for a murder committed at 19? Would this Court take the same

global view of the totality of the circumstances in assessing a petitioner.s right to live as

it would in assessing a petitioner.s right to admittance to the Bar? Would this Court apply

the same cookie-cutter age-be-damned one-size-fits-all approach the State seeks to apply

in executing Mr. Grossman, to the process of admitting or rejecting applicants to the Bar?

Or can we admit that relative age IS a factor, and should be, in determining whether a

citizen of Florida purchases a beer, drives a car, is admitted to the Bar, or lives or dies.

4. In the situation in which the Appellant found himself mired that evening, the Appellant

acted in a very stupid way. As mentioned earlier, his violation of probation was that he

has gone from Pasco County to Pinellas County. Given what his punishment for violating

the probation was likely to be, as compared with his likely punishment for murder, his

actions that day, in addition to their tragic consequences, were also inconsistent with his

own interests. There is a reason for this, and that is his low IQ. He has an IQ of 77. He

acted out of stupidity, not out of evil. In a reasonable, compassionate system of justice,

the man would belong, perhaps, in a mental institution, not an executioner.s vise.

Petitioner understands that we don.t „do. that here in Florida. We put him in a prison and

make no distinction for his mental state. But to execute a man with an IQ of 77 is simply

itself criminal. It may be „legal. in the sense that refusing to serve black people at lunch

counters was „legal. in this State less than 50 years ago, but that doesn.t make it right.

Future generations saw that Jim Crow was wrong. It took time but eventually

everyone agreed that it was wrong. At the time, to some, it was not so obvious. Petitioner

has no doubt that soon enough it will be evident to all civilized members of society that

executing a man with an IQ of 77 is wrong. Petitioner can only hope that this Court

recognizes that basic reality, and does not allow this execution to take place. This Court

has an opportunity to be remembered as a wise Court, a Court that made a difference,

stood for sanity and justice and reason, a Court like Brown v. Board of Education, or this

Court can be remembered as just another Court that went along with the established

social order, that justified what future generations will surely see as unjustifiable, a Court

like Dred Scott v. Sanford. This is not just about a man.s life, as important as that is. It.s

about standing for the principles that define us as a society. This Court.s decision

will say a lot about what those principles are, and about who we are as a society in the

year 2010, the same way that the Dred Scott decision said a lot about who we were in

1896, or that Brown said a lot about who we were in 1954, or at least tried to be.

5. Execution is not necessary for justice to be done. Even if the Appellant is not executed,

he has suffered terribly and will in all likelihood continue to suffer terribly for the rest of

his life. Let.s not kid ourselves. Whatever happens here, Martin Grossman has suffered.

From the day he was arrested, he has been physically attacked by other inmates. He has

had not one day of peace for the last 26 years. Attached hereto as Exhibit A is an affidavit

from Charles Brian Croston, who was arrested for a DUI probation violation in Pinellas

County in the fall of 1985, while the Appellant was on trial. Mr. Croston.s Affidavit

states that he was in the next cell over from the Appellant while the Appellant was on

trial. Mr. Croston testifies that the Appellant was attacked daily. He testifies that the suit

that the Appellant was allowed to wear at his trial was urinated on and spit on by other

inmates. This was in 1985. It is now 2010 – 26 years later. Does anyone

seriously believe that a man who has had to endure this daily for the past 16 years has not

suffered, and suffered horribly, for what he did? Does this bring back Margaret Parks?

No. But neither will executing him. But let us please not take seriously the State.s

argument that Mr. Grossman must be executed in order to provide justice for Margaret

Parks. The man has suffered every single day of his life for the past 26 years. He will

continue to suffer. Nothing can bring back Margaret Parks, but if suffering is any

measure of justice, then justice has been done, and we do not need to execute Martin

Grossman in order to achieve it.

6. Executing the Appellant after 26 years on Death Row constitutes cruel and unusual

punishment. Proponents of the death penalty argue that the death penalty is a deterrent for

murderers. If that is true, then Petitioner asks: where is the deterrent in executing

someone after 26 years on Death Row? There is no deterrent, and it is cruel and unusual,

and therefore this Court should not allow the execution to proceed.

7. In addition to the lack of a deterrent to the death penalty in executing someone who has

been on Death Row for 26 years, being on Death Row and facing death for 26 years has a

rotting effect on a man.s mind. It is difficult, even for a layman, to see how someone can

face death for 26 years on Death Row and still be of sound mind and body. At a

minimum, Justice demands a Stay in order to conduct a hearing to determine the

Appellant.s mental state. Even if the State doesn.t care that he spent 26 years on Death

Row, doesn.t care that he was 19, doesn.t care that he has an IQ of 77, and still maintains

that he should be executed, this Court must surely recognize that, at the very minimum,

basic standards of fairness and justice demand that a hearing be conducted into the man.s

mental state before executing him. To refuse to do so would be tantamount to this Court

declaring that the mental state of those executed in Florida is irrelevant. And such a

position would be a very sad commentary of the state of justice in Florida indeed.

8. In addition to the fact that executing someone who has been on Death Row for 26

years makes a mockery of any deterrent effect the death penalty is purported to have, and

in additional to the effect of the 26 years on Death Row on the Appellant.s mental state,

there is another factor related to the Appellant.s 26 years on Death Row that must be

considered in assessing the issue now before this Court. And that is that executing a man

after he has been facing execution for 26 years would not be allowed in any other

civilized country on Earth. The custom in all civilized countries of the world is that if

someone is not executed in a timely manner, they are not executed. If a man goes to the

gallows and the gallows breaks, such that he does not die, he is spared. That is the custom

in civilized countries. This does not mean that he goes free or that he does not suffer

punishment for his crime, but simply that his life is spared. It is not a „get out of jail free.

card. It is a statement of humanity, that people, even the condemned, are human beings

and are deserving of dignity. Imagine a man going to the gallows again and again, and

each time the rope breaks and he does not die, but we send him there again and again to

face death again and again. What civilized person would not consider that a sick carnival,

a mockery of all meaningful human values? Yet we keep a man on „Death Row. for 26

years, facing death every day, and yet have the moral audacity to bring him now to the

death chamber? No civilized state, no civilized nation on the face of the Earth would

do this. Yet, we do this here in Florida? Iran would not do it. Russia would not do it.

They would consider it undignified, uncivilized, beneath them. But we have no

compunctions to treat a man like this? By way of example, most people would kill

cockroaches. Yet most people would not place a cockroach under a glass and leave it

there to slowly suffocate. Even though we consider a cockroach a loathsome creature

deserving to die, a creature dangerous to our health and well-being, we still are humane

towards it in some measure. We recognize a living creature. We recognize that it is

sentient. Yet we bring a man out to die 26 years after living every day facing death.

Honorable Justices, with no exaggeration or hyperbole, in the most literal of terms, we

would not treat a cockroach that way. We would not bring it out to be killed after 26

years. None of us would do it. Yet we do it to a fellow human being? Does not the fact

that no civilized nation on Earth would do such a thing give us even momentary pause,

even such nations as we claim to abhor, claim to be superior to, does the fact that they

would not do such a thing not even give us the most momentary of pause, to pause and

consider that maybe we too should not do such a thing?

9. Appellant.s remorse is sincere, serious and meaningful. This remorse, coupled with the

other mitigating factors expressed above, should weigh heavily on the Court.s decision

and, taken together with the other mitigating factors enumerated above, argues against

allowing the execution. Attached hereto as Exhibit B is an affidavit from the Appellant.s

Rabbi, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Katz of Miami. In this affidavit, Rabbi Katz testifies

that he is the Appellant.s spiritual advisor, and that he has spent significant time getting

to know the Appellant. Rabbi Katz further testifies that the Appellant is in no way, shape

or form the same person that he was 16 years ago. This is not to suggest that the

Appellant should not pay for what he did 26 years ago, merely because he is a different

person today. But as noted above, he already has suffered, is continuing to suffer, and

will continue to suffer. The fact that the Appellant is not the same person he was 26 years

ago is relevant, however, to the cause of justice for Margaret Parks. The Appellant

sincerely, passionately regrets what he did 16 years ago. He hates that part of himself

that let it happen. He hates his stupidity in doing it. He hates that he took the life of

someone who was loved by her family and community as the Appellant is loved by his

family and community. He hates that he can.t take it back, unwind the clock, redo things,

start over; he knows its too late now for any of that, has been too late for a long time now,

a generation, too late for Margaret.s family, too late for Martin, too late, in a sense, for all

of us. But is it too much to ask that the Appellant.s deep, sincere, soul-felt remorse not at

least be a relevant factor in not executing him after 26 years sitting on Death Row for a

spur of the moment action that he now hates with every fiber of his being?

10. Almost as bad as executing someone at the age of 19 or keeping someone in a

perpetual state of facing death for 26 years and then seeking to execute them, is executing

a 44 year old for something he did when he was 19. Now that he.s a different person,

now that he.s grown up and has the more fully developed sense of judgment that he did

not have at 19 (albeit still severely limited by his mental state), now we execute him. It is

as if we say to someone, „ok, too young to fully appreciate what you did,

still a young tyke, so going to keep you around for a couple of decades and then,

when old enough to fully appreciate what you did, we.ll execute you..

11. The Death penalty, as mentioned above, is the ultimate penalty, and should be

reserved for the most heinous murders, with the least mitigating circumstances -- a

standard far from met in this case, where there are numerous mitigating circumstances.

The death penalty should also only be reserved for first-degree murder. The record

reflects that the Appellant was convicted of first-degree murder. Further, Petitioner

recognizes, as the State asserts, that the trial judge and jury are best suited to be the triers

of fact. However, the unique and special nature of the Death penalty, due to

its finality and inability to be corrected later, argues for an even higher standard. In a case

where a person is put to death, it should be crystal-clear that first-degree murder was

committed. In the present case, there was no malice aforethought, an element necessary

to be present for first-degree murder. Here, the Appellant was out shooting a gun in the

woods. Had Margaret Parks not come upon him, no murder would have been committed.

The Appellant was not looking to murder someone. He was not looking to murder

Margaret Parks. Unfortunately, due to his stupidity, as noted above, that is what

happened, which, as noted above, he deeply and passionately regrets. By this was not

malice aforethought. This was, as noted above, a spur of the moment altercation that led

to a spur of the moment tragic and horrific action, which was the death of Margaret

Parks. But is was not a murder with malice aforethought. It was therefore not

first degree murder. Petitioner recognizes that Appellate Courts must respect the verdicts

of juries, and should, as a general rule not try to second-guess trial judges. However, in a

death penalty case, where there is no possibility of later reversal, no possibility of later

redress if error is found, it is critically important to make sure that first degree murder

was present, even if that means second-guessing the trial., Why? Because executing a

man who does not meet the legal standard required for execution is a greater wrong than

second-guessing the trial judge. The facts here are that the Appellant, Martin Grossman,

did NOT have malice aforethought, and therefore should not have been convicted of first-

degree murder, and therefore should not be executed.

12. Pinellas County, where this happened, has sentenced more people to death than any

other county in Florida. Therefore, the fact that a Defendant from Pinellas County was

sentenced to death should not carry the same weight with the Court as would be the case

from a county that did not lead the state in sentencing people to the death penalty. This

does not mean that just because Pinellas leads the state in death convictions that a death

conviction from Pinellas County is not justified -- just that the Court should view it more

with a grain of salt and look at the facts more closely, given the commonality with which

Pinellas County sentences Defendants to death. In fact, this Court should be very familiar

with overzealous prosecutorial conduct when it comes to Pinellas County. When the

Florida Supreme Court reversed the murder conviction of James Floyd in 2005 because

the Pinellas state attorney.s office had withheld evidence, Pinellas County Assistant State

Attorney Douglas Crow said it most likely was an “honest mistake”. Floyd had been

sitting on death row, sentenced to die for allegedly murdering an 86-year-old

woman. Pinellas prosecutors had failed to produce statements from a neighbor who had

claimed to see two other men entering the woman.s house at the time of her death. They

also failed to tell the defense about inconsistent reports from detectives and about how a

snitch tried to barter his testimony for a lighter sentence on his own criminal charges.

Anything for a conviction seems to be the motto in Pinellas County. Pinellas County also

has bonds higher than other counties. They are 100 to 200% higher. This is a factor in

why the Pinellas County Jail is overcrowded. Florida.s law states defendants are entitled

to a reasonable bond, unless there is a flight risk or a threat to society. If someone is

sitting in jail for two years waiting to go to trial, the bond is obviously not reasonable.

Pinellas County thus far goes unchallenged in this behavior. All of this simply suggests

that the explosion of death penalty cases in Pinellas County warrants this Court looking

at such cases with a very skeptical eye. Indeed, it is reasonable to suspect, given the facts

of Mr. Grossman.s case, that had Mr. Grossman.s case taken place in a different county

in Florida, life imprisonment would likely have been the sentence. It therefore seems

particularly specious that, at this late date, it is Pinellas County that is continuing to beat

the drumbeat to “close” yet another in their assembly line of cases seeking to put people

to death. Lest anyone think that their interest is merely in seeking „justice. for murder

victims, the Floyd case makes clear that they are in fact more interested in winning death

cases, regardless of the particularities of the case. This Court should recognize that

something is wrong when executions from a particular county become commonplace.

13. The jury at trial was instructed as to felony murder. We know that Florida recognizes

felony murder, whereby when a Defendant commits a felony, if someone.s murder occurs

as a result of a chain of events that grew out of that felony, felony murder attaches, even

if that Defendant did not intend to commit murder. We know as well that Florida allows

the death penalty in cases of felony murder. However, it is well to ask whether this

should be the case. Petitioner understands that the statutory responsibility rests with the

Legislature, but the application of the law rests with this Court. Petitioner submits to the

Court that executing someone in a case of felony murder as opposed to murder where

bona fide malice aforethought is present, should not be sanctioned. Petitioner submits that

in such a case, such as the case at Bar, execution is not appropriate.

14. There is a public interest in the fairness of the application of the death penalty. In the

application of the death penalty, the totality of the circumstances should argue against

mitigation, and there should be a dearth of mitigating circumstances. In the present case,

there are numerous mitigating circumstances: his age, his state of mind, the length of time

he has been on Death Row, the length of time since the crime, his demonstrated remorse,

his low IQ, his mental state, his lack of prior intention to murder someone, the fact that he

has suffered very significantly, the fact that the jury brought the death penalty on the

basis of false testimony. Taken together, these numerous and very serious mitigating

circumstances argue strongly against allowing the Appellant.s execution. Indeed,

allowing the execution under the present circumstances would constitute a travesty of



The Appellant, Martin Grossman, is of the Jewish faith. It therefore seems appropriate to

present to this Court, by way of alternative, and hopefully persuasive, law, the view of

Jewish Law on the matter of execution. It is well known that Jewish Law provides for the

application of the death penalty in certain cases. What may be less well-known is that

Jewish Law considers a Court which allows one execution in 70 years to be a Murderous

Court. Why this apparent contradiction? Because the Torah, the source of Jewish Law,

recognizes that life is always paramount, and that a Court should try to find a way to

preserve a Defendant.s life. Death should only be a last resort, and should be rare. Jewish

Law also rules that a man is not punished for his transgressions until the age of 20. He is

responsible to keep the laws from the age of 13, or Bar Mitzvah. But he is not actually

punished for not keeping the laws until the age of 20. The reason for this is that the Torah

recognizes that a man.s mind, judgment and critical thinking are not fully developed

before that age. It is thus instructive, ironic, and more than a little sad that Mr.

Grossman, according to Jewish Law, would have been considered too young to suffer for

his crime. In such a case, it would of course be very difficult for the family of a murder

victim to accept this. It is of course true that their pain would be great. But the Court

would know that its job is to mete out justice in a fair and logical manner, and it would

know that someone who is under 20 simply cannot be dealt with the same way as

someone older, even despite the pain of the family, because that person simply doesn.t

have the presence of mind, the judgment, the experience in life, to be judged as harshly as

someone who does. We know as well that the Bible states „an eye for an eye, a tooth for a

tooth.. Many people assume that this means that Jewish Law advocates or provides

for the execution of one who murders, as a matter of course. In fact, in Jewish Law „an

eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. refers to monetary damages for the loss of a tooth or

an eye, not a literal tooth or a literal eye. Thus, we understand how Jewish Law would

view a Court who executed one man in 70 years to be a murderous Court. In Jewish Law,

all nations of the world are required to set up court systems, so that people can resolve

their disputes in a civilized manner, and so that there is order and not anarchy. But those

courts are also expected to have compassion, compassion for someone who is killed and

his or her family, to be sure, but also to temper justice with compassion in judging the

killer as well. Courts are supposed to emulate Divine elements of Justice: There is the

aspect of Severity of Justice, but also the aspect of Mercy of Justice. They are the male

and female components required for Justice to be in balance There can not be one

without the other. If there is, then it is not true Justice. There must be severity but there

must also be mercy. That is how courts are supposed to rule. Petitioner understands that

Jewish Law does not apply here, Florida Law applies. But Petitioner asks only this: Some

would say that an execution such as the one the State advocates in this case is an example

of „Judeo-Christian. values. That is simply not true. In point of fact, there is nothing

„Judeo. about it. So if the State wants to execute Mr. Grossman in this case, there may be

little the Petitioner can do about it. But just this: Please don.t call it our values. Just this:

Not in my name. Not in our name.

Respectfully Submitted,


Edward Werner, Petitioner, Pro Se

9270 East Bay Harbor Drive, Suite 3B

Bay Harbor Islands, FL 33154

Tel.: (786) 262-1888



I HEREBY CERTIFY that I e-mailed a true and correct copy of the foregoing to, that I mailed the original and eight copies via overnight mail to the
Clerk of The Supreme Court of Florida, 500 S. Duval St., Tallahassee, FL 32399, and
that I mailed true and correct copies of the foregoing to the parties listed below, this 3rd
day of February, 2010.

1) Carol Marie Dittmar

Florida Attorney General.s Office

3507 E. Frontage Rd., Suite 200

Tampa, FL 33607

2) Carloyn M. Snurkowski

4519 Camden Rd.

Tallahassee, FL 32303

3) Douglas E. Crow

14250 49th Street North

Clearwater, FL 33762

4) Ali Andrew Shakoor

CCRC - Middle Region

3801 Corporex Park Dr., Suite 210

Tampa, FL 33619

5) Richard E. Kiley

CCRC - Middle Region

3801 Corporex Park Dr., Suite 210

Tampa, FL 33619

6) James V. Viggiano, Jr.

CCRC - Middle Region

3801 Corporex Park Dr., Suite 210

Tampa, FL 33619




In the State of Florida,

County of Miami-Dade,

___________________________________________ being duly sworn, deposes and

states as follows:

1. I, Charles Brian Croston, was arrested in the fall of 1985 for a DUI violation, and
incarcerated in the Pinellas County Jail.

2. I was incarcerated there for approximately 5 days.

3. The time that I was incarcerated in the jail coincided with Martin Grossman.s trial.

4. At the time that I was at the jail, I was told first-hand by those with knowledge of it
that numerous continuous assaults against Mr. Grossman took place.

5. From what I was told while in the jail, the assaults against Mr. Grossman were
repeated and continuous from the time that he first arrived at the jail.

6. I personally witnessed inmates spitting on and urinating on the suit that Mr. Grossman
was using to wear to Court during the trial.

7. I was further told while there that the assaults and abuse got so bad that he was
eventually placed in solitary confinement for his own protection.

In witness whereof he has hereto set his hand and seal.





I, ____________________________, a Notary Public of the County and State aforesaid,
hereby certify that ______________________________ personally known to me to be
the affiant in the foregoing affidavit, personally appeared before me this day and having
been by me duly sworn deposes and says that the facts set forth in the above affidavit are
true and correct.

Witness my hand and official seal this the _________ day of __________, _________.

(SEAL) ______________________________

Notary Public

My Commission expires:

____ / ____ / ________.




In the State of Florida,

County of Miami-Dade,

___________________________________________ being duly sworn, deposes and

states as follows:

1. My name is Menachem Mendel Katz. I am an Orthodox Rabbi in Miami, Florida.

2. I am Martin Grossman.s spiritual advisor.

3. Based on my meetings and discussions with Martin Grossman in my capacity as his
spiritual advisor, it is my sincere opinion that Mr. Grossman is deeply and sincerely
remorseful over the death of Margaret Parks.

4. Based on my meetings and discussions with Martin Grossman in my capacity as his
spiritual advisor, it is evident to me that he has grown as a person and is in no way the
same person he was in December, 1984.

5. It is my sincere opinion that Mr. Grossman desires the chance to live in order to do
some good in the world in his limited prison environment, and to in some small way
recompense society for the wrong that he knows he committed.

6. I ask the Court to spare his life.

In witness whereof he has hereto set his hand and seal.





I, ____________________________, a Notary Public of the County and State aforesaid,
hereby certify that ______________________________ personally known to me to be
the affiant in the foregoing affidavit, personally appeared before me this day and having
been by me duly sworn deposes and says that the facts set forth in the above affidavit are
true and correct.

Witness my hand and official seal this the _________ day of __________, _________.

(SEAL) ______________________________

Notary Public

My Commission expires:

____ / ____ / ________.

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